How To Use Primary Sources In A Research Paper

Jun 19,  · The electron transport chain is a cluster of proteins that transfer electrons through a membrane to create a gradient of protons that creates ATP (adenosine triphosphate) or energy that is needed in metabolic processes for cellular function. When the metabolite breaks down, two electrons and a hydrogen ion are released and then picked up by.

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Jul 03,  · When an atom's outermost orbital gains or loses electrons (also known as valence electrons), the atom forms an ion. An ion with more protons than electrons carries a net positive charge and is called a cation. An ion with more electrons than protons carries a net negative charge and is called an anion.